The International Court of Justice (ICJ), often referred to as the World Court, stands as the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN). Established in 1945, concurrently with the UN, the ICJ holds a vital position in the global legal landscape, serving as a forum for resolving disputes between states and offering advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by UN organs and specialized agencies.

The ICJ's roots trace back to the League of Nations, where the Permanent Court of International Justice, its predecessor, operated from 1922 to 1946. However, it wasn't until the establishment of the UN that the ICJ's current structure and jurisdiction were solidified, as outlined in the UN Charter.

Located in The Hague, Netherlands, the ICJ comprises 15 judges elected by the UN General Assembly and the Security Council. These judges, representing various legal systems and traditions from around the world, serve nine-year terms, aiming to ensure a diverse and impartial bench. The Court's composition underscores the universality and impartiality of its decisions, reflecting the principles of international law and justice.

Under-Secretary General

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